Par sulfuredesoufre le 8 Mai 2016 à 16:25
Europe Loves Drones
SBON, Portugal - While america grapples using the effectiveness and morality of military drone strikes, Europe is trying to make use of bringing the remotely piloted aircraft into civilian life.
Authorities about this side from the Atlantic hope to harness drone technology to assist farmers mind their flocks, engineers maintain pipelines and power cables, and delivery services send parcels faster and cheaper.
"Europe must be committed and embrace drones as a crucial part for the future of flying," says Violeta Bulc, the European Union's transport commissioner.
"Drones happen to be flying, as well as the marketplace is pushing for additional," she told a recently available aviation conference. "We have to make the right environment to allow them to flourish."
Europe's marketplace is now governed with a patchwork of national regulations.
Spain this past year banned commercial drone flights despite an outcry from the tech and film industries. France, Italy, as well as others have a more liberal approach. Now, the EU is attempting to introduce common rules that will address privacy and safety issues, while allowing commercial drones to use round the 28-nation bloc.
In March, national governments, civil aviation agencies, and industry representatives met in Riga, Latvia, to map the way in which ahead. They decided to write down regulations by December "to permit businesses to offer drone services everywhere in Europe as from 2016."
Skilled professionals state that could leave the United states civilian drone industry trailing in Europe's wake.
The drone industry in america says it drops around $27 million per day because of rules that successfully suspend commercial flights by unmanned aircraft systems (unless they get special authorization from your Federal Aviation Authority).
"If European regulators have their own way, drone operations within the EU are likely to become very permissive, far outpacing American regulations," Gregory S. McNeal, a drone expert at California's Pepperdine University, wrote for Forbes.
Because it challenges to inject new life into an economy striving to recuperate from your eurozone debt crisis, Europe sees clear benefits in drone investments.
The EU estimates civil unmanned flight could generate $17 billion annually by 2020, as well as the aerospace industry says building and operating drones can create 150,000 jobs in Europe by 2050.
Some aren't waiting that long. In Italy alone, 85 schools have already been authorized to show drone piloting previously year, based on the country's civil aviation agency.
France, which became among the first countries to regularize commercial drone flights in 2012, presently has a lot more than 1,200 operators.
Bordeaux wine producers operate drones to observe the caliber of grapes and rapidly detect indications of disease around the vines.
French energy giant GDF-Suez has begun to make use of surveillance drones to check on for potentially harming construction work near to its network of just about 20,000 miles of underground pipeline.
Businesses like Amazon, Google, and DHL are getting ready to start commercial services using remotely piloted planes and native authorities hired local drones businesses like Aviony to observe water levels, assess damage and prioritize response operations.
Amazon stated that American legislation prevents it from even test-flying its delivery drones in america. Therefore it shifted its experimental try to Canada.
On the other hand, DHL managed to launch a groundbreaking regular drone delivery service in Germany last autumn, taking medical supplies eight miles from your mainland towards the remote North Sea island of Juist utilizing a yellow-painted four-rotor "parcelcopter."
Europe hopes its incoming legislation will encourage more such initiatives to help keep it the main thing on a quick expanding market, even while officials insist new EU-wide standards will require full account from the privacy, safety, and security questions.
The European Aviation Safety Agency has put forward a "idea of operations for drones" that may make up the basis from the legislation because of be adopted at the end of the year.
It offers placing drones in three categories, which range from by far the most simple that need no specific authorization - provided they are certainly not flown in risky areas, like over crowds or near airports - to more complicated drones requiring a danger assessment and government clearance, along with a highest category that could be treated like traditional manned aircraft.
"We now have quite a wide open approach," Ilias Maragakis, an EASA spokesman, said from your agency's headquarters in Cologne, Germany.
"Our priority is not only to build up regulations, but to ensure the regulations usually do not strangle this new and upcoming market," he told GlobalPost. "Always keeping safety in your mind, but making a fertile field with this industry to develop."
Civilian deaths from United states drone strikes in Yemen, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, and recent terrorist fears after unexplained drones appeared over sensitive sites in Paris have given unmanned planes a sinister reputation. The European market however is concerning the aircraft's good-guy applications.
Relief organizations have used drones to survey damage and look for survivors within the wake from the Nepal earthquake - even though the government launched constraints recently over fears these were exposing sensitive information.
A Malta-based humanitarian group states its two drones have assisted locate and rescue 1000s of migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea into Europe.
Researchers in Belgium as well as the Netherlands are testing "ambulance drones" to fly defibrillators to strokes sufferers, saying their speedy arrival could boost success rates by 10.
And conservationists are utilizing drone-borne cameras to capture poachers preying on rhinos and elephants in African game parks.
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